the 2 Types of diabetes & their causes

There are many different reasons that one might develop diabetes, but the causes differ from person to person and from one type of diabetes to another. There is never a singular cause for diabetes, and a lack of awareness on the patient’s part can lead to a misdiagnosis of the condition (due to not reporting what are seemingly innocuous symptoms) which in turn could be life-threatening if not detected in time.

Therefore, this article aims to pinpoint the root causes of diabetes, be it type-1 or type-2. The condition develops from a wide range of causes, and as such, right lifestyle choices need to be made to arrest diabetes in its tracks before it has a chance to develop.

The information in this article is presented for educational purposes only, and should not be a substitute for consulting an actual medical professional. Should you have further questions, please consult a doctor or certified medical professional.

Type-1 Diabetes

Type-1 diabetes is very different from type-2 diabetes in that it is an autoimmune disorder that one is usually born with. Those with a genetic predisposition to type-1 diabetes will usually be on insulin for life, as their immune system attacks and kills all the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, resulting in the body’s inability to produce insulin on its own.

Due to this, the levels of glucose in a patient’s blood and urine cannot be controlled, and will lead to death if left untreated. There have been cases of patients developing type-1 diabetes because of damage to their pancreas, whether through a tumour, toxins, injury, or surgery to the organ. Nevertheless, this is a rare condition that only happens with a minority of patients.

While there has been experimental treatment for type-1 diabetes including but not limited to pancreas transplants and injection of islet cells into the pancreas, insulin therapy via subcutaneous injection remains the most popular method of treatment. There is no cure for type-1 diabetes, and patients are expected to inject themselves with insulin for the rest of their lives.


Type-2 Diabetes

Type-2 diabetes is the more common, non-genetically inherited form of diabetes, although identical twins and those with a family history of type-2 diabetes are equally susceptible to it. This form of diabetes stems from the inability of the body to use insulin effectively. This results in the body having elevated levels of blood sugar, which can lead to a whole range of other conditions if it is not controlled.

Multiple factors affect the inception of type-2 diabetes, including but not limited to: a sedentary lifestyle, little or no regular exercise, obesity with a concentration of excess abdominal fat, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol. Those age 40 and above are particularly susceptible to this form of diabetes, although children and teenagers have been known to develop it in recent years.

If you suspect yourself to be pre-diabetic, simple lifestyle changes that prevent you from being sedentary, along with a concerted effort to lose weight through a combination of dietary regulation and brisk exercise should be able to reverse your condition before it turns into full-blown diabetes.